We made another great discovery as we continue to catalog our backlog (thanks to NHPRC), and it is yet another document without any author or provenance. This one is a map of what appears to be a Union camp along a river, sometime and some place during the Civil War. The handwritten key to the map, located in the lower left, indicates that there were pickets, outposts, reserves, and sentinels around the camp, and what appear to be two pontoon bridges across the river. The detail, including hash marks to indicate terrain, is quite remarkable. A smaller version of the map is on the verso or opposite side. Right in keeping with the Civil War sesquicentennial.
With help from the terrific staff at the Connecticut State Library, I was able to identify the camp as the headquarters of the First Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, near Pollock’s Mill, Virginia, about the 29th of April 1863. The camp was located along the Rappahannock River as it winds its way past Fredericksburg and was used by the Union as part of what is known as the Chancellorsville Campaign. Among the Connecticut regiments participating in that campaign were the 14th, 17th and 27th Connecticut Volunteers. A man from any of these regiments could have drawn the map. If only he had signed his name! To view this map in the Connecticut Historical Society’s Research Center, ask for Ms 101129.
A detailed account of the Army of the Potomac’s movements from April 27 to May 6, 1863, can be found at the web site http://www.civilwarhome.com/reynoldschancellorsvilleor.htm. You can also visit our homepage and go to the Research tab and then subject guides to find about our holdings related to the Civil War.